Sightseeings

You will realize an unforgettable return to the past.


       Yerevan is the capital of Armenia and is the largest city of the country and is the center of administration, culture and finance. It is located in Ararat valley on the bank of Hrazdan river. Based on the data of 2014, the population of Yerevan amounts to 1,068,000 inhabitants. Yerevan is the capital of Armenia from 1918 and is the 12-th capital in Armenia’s history. It is also one of the ancient cities of the world. During the excavations an ancient cuneiform was found, which verifies that the King Argishti I on 782 B.C. has founded the castle of Erebuni; the remnants of the castle still exist in the Yerevan city area. The scientists assume that the name of the city comes from the name of the castle Erebuni. According to another hypothesis, the name Yerevan has come from the time when Noah’s Ark landed at Ararat Mountain, Noah saw the land and exclaimed “Yerevats” (in Armenian “Visible”) (the name “Yerevan” comes from this word).There are lots of museums, sightseeing and historical monuments in Yerevan and its suburbs.

    When you look to the map of Armenia, you will notice the head of a woman with lush hair and there is an ornament in her hair. The ornament is the Lake Sevan, which is a very nice and a real ornament of Armenia. Sevan Lake is located in the province (marz) Gegharkunik. It is the largest lake of the Republic of Armenia and is the third in the Armenian Highland (after Lakes Van and Urmia). It is the second upland freshwater lake in the world (the first one is the Lake Titicaca in South America). It is located at 1916m above the sea level. Sevan Lake is a very nice and attractive place for resort. During the Summer, it is cool enough on the shore, the air is fresh, the water is calm. It is very nice on Sevan’s shore even during the Winter. The Lake is also known from ancient times by the famous trout fish.Sevan Lake is also known by the Sevanavank church founded in the 4-th century on the peninsula. Long time ago the peninsula was an island, thereafter due to sharp water level fall, it has become a peninsula. There is a village Noratus, located on the shore of Sevan, which is known of its around 900 Khachkars (Cross Stones).

In general, in many places of Armenia it is possible to find nice caved stones with the picture of cross in the center. This is Khachkar, the typical Armenian sculptural art.  There are around ten thousands Kahchkars in the world, while the patterns of Khachkars never repeats themselves. The art of Khachkars creation is included the list of World Heritage of UNESCO.

It is already more than 1700 years that Ejmiatsin is the spiritual center of the Armenian Apostolic Church and Armenian nation, as well as the Holy See of the Patriarch of all Armenians.   

Long time ago the city was called Vagharshapat in the name of the King Vagharsh, who has founded the castle and named after him.

The first Patriarch Grigory the Illuminator saw a dream that Jesus comes down from the sky with a hammer in his hand and shows the place where the temple to be constructed. In 303, in the place of an ancient pagan temple, the church Ejmiatsin (the place where the Begotten descended) was built. Ejmiatsin Cathedral is the first official church founded in the fourth century. In the Treasury of the Ejmiatsin Cathedral among the artefacts, there is the Spear of Christ (Longinus Spear), which the Roman soldier Longinus used to pierce Jesus Christ. The temple is included in UNESCO World Heritage list. 

There nature and monuments of Tavush province are also nice. Here is located Dilijan city that has a status of the National Park. The city is almost fully surrounded by one of picturesque reserves in Southern Caucasus, which is the Dilijan Reserve. Dilijan always had its place in in the Armenian traditional architecture and remains the spring of encouragement for many painters, writers and producers.Not far from Dilijan the are the temples of Makaravank, Goshavank, while 15Km far from Dilijan the Parz (Clear) Lake is located. The clear surface of Parz Lake reflects the Sky and the beauty of the surrounding nature.

There are lots of ancient petroglyphs found in the Lastiver caves of Tavush province.

Tsaghkadzor … means “Flower Gorge”. Tsaghkadzor is known in Armenia and abroad as a a mountain resort. It is located 50Km far from the capital and is the place with nice nature and climate, the city is an amazing place for summer and especially winter rest. The part of Tsghkadzor is the Aerial Tramway, which has 5 stations and fully complies with nowadays modern international standards. There is also a team of professional rescuers. Skiing period usually starts from the mid of December and lasts until March.

One of Tsaghkadzor pearls is the Temple of Kecharis built in the 11-th century.

Jermuk is a resort city in Vayots Dzor province of Armenia. Sarahart, where Jermuk city is located is surrounded by alpine meadows and forests, whose altitude achieves 2500-3000m.    Arpa river passes through the city and splits it on two sides. The name of the city witnesses the availability of the natural hot springs. For long time Jermuk was a place of reinforce and climatotherapic health resort. The remnants of cyclopean castle and 8-th century church prove that the place of Jermuk was used for therapeutic purposes from long time ago.

Here there are all the relevant conditions of health reinforcement and tourism. There are also lots of monuments and sightseeing in Jermuk and around it. These places are attractive with nice gorges and high mountains, caves and places for hunting.

The various International Chess Championships and tournaments are being organized in Jermuk.

The sunny winter of Jermuk is especially nice. There is also aerial tramway in Jermuk built in 2007. The length of the aerial tram is 1,000m. The highest altitude is 2,480m. There are two spring boards of 1,450m and 1,550m.

Close to Jermuk the temples of Noravank, Shativank, Gndevank, Spitakavor are located. There is also Smbataberd castle and other monuments.

Noravank is one of the pearls of the Medieval Armenian architecture.  The complex consists of several churches and chapels, there are also lots of khachkars there. The name of the Medieval Armenian architect and sculptor Momik is related to Noravank.

In the center of the window of the vestibule of the St. Virgin Church there is a bust of God with a human face. Such depiction of God is unprecedented, given that in the Medieval Ages the God was depicted in a form of symbol. The temple is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Only in Armnia  it is possible to find a church found especially for troops. That is the Zorats St. Virgin church located on the eastern hill of Yeghegis village, which is unique in its architecture. It has only the tabernacle. The prayer room is replaced with the tiled square, where the escort troops were getting blessed. 

The stone witnesses of the military history of the Armenian nation are the remnants of the castles Halidzor, Baghaberd, Megriberd, Vorotnaberd.

Being in Armenia without visiting Tatev means you have not been in Armenia. The Tatev monastery is one of the historical monuments of the Armenian medieval architecture. The shortest way to Tatev monastery is the aerial tramway named “TaTever” (wings of Tatev), which is registered in the Guinness book as the longest aerial tramway in the world (5,752m).     Passing 320m over Vorotan Gorge, it gives unforgettable satisfaction of flight.
Not far from Tatev there is Karahunj the ancient observatory in the world, built around 7,500 years ago B.C. It has lots of common things with many Western European constructions, in particular with the English Stonehenge (built in 1900-1400 B.C.).
Historical Khndzoresk village is located 10 Km east from Goris city. It is known of its caved dwellings. The modern part of the village is connected with its historical part by 160m long swinging bridge built in 2012. From the bridge there are nice views of the gorge and other historical monuments.

Stepanakert (historical name Vararakn)  is the capital of the Republic of Nagorno Karabakh and it largest city. Its population is around 54.000 people. Stepanakert has got his name after the known revolutionary Stepan Shahumyan.There are lots of picturesque places and sightseeing in this small city.The symbol of Stepanakert as well as the symbol of Artsakh (historical name of Nagorno Karabakh) is the tuff monument “We are our mountains”, which is located next to the city entry. People call the monument “Grandmother and grandfather”.

There are lots of other historical monuments in Armenia, that is why people say Armenia is the museum under the open sky.

Монастырь Гегард

The settlement has an ancient history, and is best known for the Hellenistic Garni temple. The area was first occupied in the 3rd millennium BC along easily defensible terrain at one of the bends of the Azat River. In the 8th century BC the area was conquered by the Urartian King Argishti I. The fortification at Garni was erected probably sometime in the 3rd century BC as a summer residence for the Armenian Orontid and Artaxiad royal dynasties. Garni is notable for its fortress complex with the 1st-century AD Garni Temple, Surb Astvatsatsin Church, Mashtots Hayrapet Church, a ruined 4th-century single-aisle church, a ruined Tukh Manuk Shrine, Saint Sargis Shrine, and a Queen Katranide Shrine.Nearby is the Garni Gorge with well preserved basalt columns, carved out by the Goght River. This portion of the gorge is typically referred to as the "Symphony of the Stones". Once in the valley, turning right will lead to Garni Gorge, an 11th-century medieval bridge, and the "Symphony of the Stones". Taking a left will lead along the river past a fish hatchery, up to the Khosrov State Reserve, and a little further Havuts Tar Monastery (which may be seen from the temple). The medieval bridge was controversially restored in 2013, in a project organized and paid for by the US government through its Ambassadors Fund for Cultural 

      Geghard (Armenian: meaning "spear") is a medieval monastery. , being partially carved out of the adjacent mountain, surrounded by cliffs. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.While the main chapel was built in 1215, the monastery complex was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator at the site of a sacred spring inside a cave. The monastery had thus been originally named Ayrivank, meaning "the Monastery of the Cave". The name commonly used for the monastery today, Geghard, or more fully Geghardavank , meaning "the Monastery of the Spear", originates from the spear which had wounded Jesus at the Crucifixion, allegedly brought to Armenia by Apostle Jude, called here Thaddeus, and stored amongst many other relics. Now it is displayed in the Echmiadzin treasury.

 

 

 


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